Economic stagnation, fixed factors, and policy thresholds

by William Russell Easterly

Publisher: Country Economics Dept., World Bank in Washington (1818 H St., NW, Washington 20433)

Written in English
Published: Pages: 39 Downloads: 534
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Subjects:

  • Economic development -- Mathematical models,
  • Economic policy -- Mathematical models,
  • Foreign exchange -- Mathematical models

Edition Notes

StatementWilliam Easterly.
SeriesPolicy, research, and external affairs working papers ;, WPS 795
Classifications
LC ClassificationsHD75.5 .E22 1991
The Physical Object
Pagination39 p. :
Number of Pages39
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL1776164M
LC Control Number92131232

Factors affecting the growth and development of a learner include race, sex, cultural factors, lifestyle, socio-economic level and social factors. These factors may vary depending on personality. These factors can either be intrinsic or extrinsic. This paper will majorly deal with the extrinsic factors. They include inflation/deflation expectations, monetary and fiscal policy, demographic trends, economic growth rates, interest rates, supply and demand and taxes (Sardasht, , pg).   Some analysts claim that secular stagnation is responsible for the disappointing post-crisis economic performance. This column provides a different explanation that points to an unsuspected villain: the misallocation of resources (in our case, labour) during the pre-crisis financial boom and the long shadow it has cast post-crisis. The findings draw on an empirical analysis. Learn economics book 3 with free interactive flashcards. Choose from different sets of economics book 3 flashcards on Quizlet.

  Corporate Law and Economic Stagnation: How Shareholder Value and Short-Termism Contribute to the Decline of the Western Economies (Dovenschmidt Monographs) [Pavlos E. Masouros, Mark Roe] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Corporate Law and Economic Stagnation: How Shareholder Value and Short-Termism Contribute to the Decline of the Western Reviews: 1. From these two principles, we derive a quantitative theory of major factors in economic activities, such as fixed cost, variable cost, discount rate, uncertainty and duration. The mathematical theory enables us to systematically measure the effectiveness of different policies and institutional structures at varying levels of resource abundance Reviews: 2.   This study develops a model wherein capital is used in final goods production and research and development (R&D) activities. This arrangement generates changes of the equilibrium capital allocation corresponding to capital endowment, which engenders a regime change from capital based growth with decreasing returns to R&D based perpetual growth. These two growth phases . The concept of "secular stagnation" — that the economy may be facing a protracted period of low growth and high unemployment — has been seeping back into economic and policy discourse.

ECONOMIC STAGNATION Why Did So Many Countries In Sub-Saharan Africa Experience Economic Stagnation In the s and s? Why Did So Many Countries In Sub-Saharan Africa Experience Economic Stagnation In the s and s? Sub-Saharan African countries often have neither the administrative capability nor the political capacity to implement SAPs. Books, Arts & Manners Interpreting Economic Stagnation family with $40, of wages and a $10, policy. My point in raising such factors was not to suggest that I had found the One. Expansionary monetary policy speeds up the growth of the money supply by dropping interest rates and making borrowing become cheaper and easier. Contractionary monetary policy slows the growth of the money supply by interest rates rising in loans becoming more expensive and harder to get.

Economic stagnation, fixed factors, and policy thresholds by William Russell Easterly Download PDF EPUB FB2

North-Holland Economic stagnation, fixed factors, and policy thresholds William Easterly* The World Bank, Washington. DCUSA Received Octoberfinal version received December An endogenous growth model with fixed factors predicts that countries will stagnate if policies pass a threshold; initial income does not affect whether a Cited by: Economic stagnation, fixed factors, and policy thresholds.

An endogenous growth model with fixed factors predicts that countries will stagnate if policies pass a threshold; initial income does not affect whether a country stagnates. For growing countries, the model has transitional dynamics where growth first accelerates and then Cited by: Co intry Economics Department The World Bank October WPS Economic Stagnation, Fixed Factors, and Policy Thresholds William Easterly Economic policies, not initial conditions, det.rmine whether countries stagnate.

The black market premium oni foreign exchange is an important factor in stagnation. Get this from a library. Economic stagnation, fixed factors, and policy thresholds. [William Easterly]. Abstract An endogenous growth model with fixed factors predicts that countries will stagnate if policies pass a threshold; initial income does not affect whether a country stagnates.

For growing. "Economic stagnation, fixed factors, and policy thresholds," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 33(3), pagesJune. References listed on IDEAS as. Economic stagnation, fixed factors, and policy thresholds. By William Easterly. -section growth regressions may be misspecified because of the nonlinearity inherent in the possibility of steady-state ic Growth,Economic Theory&Research,Inequality,Achieving Shared Growth,Environmental Economics&Policies.

Download PDF: Sorry, we are unable to provide the full text but you may find it at the following location(s): (external link). Economic Stagnation, Fixed Factors, and Policy Thresholds, Journal of Monetary Economics, 33, no. 3, (June ): Easterly, William and Michael Kremer, Lant Pritchett, and Lawrence Summers, Good Policy or Good Luck.

Country Growth Performance and Temporary Shocks, Journal of Monetary Economics, 32, (December ). Easterly W () Economic stagnation, fixed factors, and policy thresholds. J Monet Econ – CrossRef Google Scholar Embrechts P, Klueppelberg C, Mikosch T () Modeling extremal events for insurance and finance: applications of mathematics, stochastic modeling and applied probability, vol Labor productivity growth in the United States and other advanced and policy thresholds book has slowed dramatically since the mids, a major factor in their economic stagnation and political turmoil.

Economists have been debating the causes of the slowdown and possible remedies for some years. Economic stagnation, fixed factors, and policy thresholds pp.

William Easterly Supply-side economics and endogenous growth pp. Peter Ireland The macroeconomic effects of distortionary taxation pp.

Ellen McGrattan. Vol issue 2, Information, forecasts, and measurement of the business cycle pp. "Transitional Dynamics And Economic Growth In The Neoclassical Model," RCER Working PapersUniversity of Rochester - Center for Economic Research (RCER).

Easterly, William, " Economic stagnation, fixed factors, and policy thresholds," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 33(3), pagesJune. Azariadis, Costas, and Allan Drazen. “Threshold Externalities in Economic Development.” Quarterly Journal of EconomicsEasterly, William.

“Economic Stagnation, Fixed Factors, and Policy Thresholds.” Journal of Monetary Econom The Coming of the Book: The Impact of Printing   “Local Versus Global Convergence Across National Economies.” Journal of Applied Econometr – Durrett, Richard. Lecture Notes on Particle Systems and Percolation.

Pacific Grove, CA: Wadsworth. Easterly, William. “Economic Stagnation, Fixed Factors, and Policy Thresholds.” Journal of Monetary Economics The interest of these economists in problems of economic growth was rooted in the concrete conditions of their time.

Specifically, they were confronted with the facts of economic and social changes taking place in contemporary English society as well as in previous historical periods.

Living in the 18th and 19th centuries, on the eve or in the full. Economic stagnation, fixed factors, and policy thresholds Journal of Monetary Economics,33, (3), View citations (44) See also Working Paper () Financing the storm: macroeconomic crisis in Russia The Economics of Transition,2, (4), View citations (7) Fiscal Deficits and Macroeconomic Performance in.

Stagnation is a condition of slow or flat growth in an economy. Stagnation often involves substantial unemployment and under employment, as well as an economy that is generally performing below its.

Evidence from a Threshold Regression Analysis ’, Economics Bulletin, 15 (12): 1 – Recommend this journal Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to. Economic Policy, Volume 22 Issue 52 PageOctober “Was development assistance a mistake?”, American Economic Review, MayVol.

97, No. 2, "Economic Stagnation, Fixed Factors, and Policy Thresholds," Journal of Monetary EconomJune Economic growth, inflation, and interest rates have declined in Asia, just as they have in the United States and Europe.

Sustaining Economic Growth in Asia explores the relevance to several Asian economies of the diagnosis known as “secular stagnation.” Leading experts on the region. The same report also points out the following policies pursued by African countries as determining factors for the extreme economic fragility of the region: overvalued exchange rate policy, inappropriate industrial policy with an anti-export bias, market protection policies, lack of an agricultural policy, and government’s monopoly in most.

Africa's economic history since fits the classical definition of tragedy: potential unfulfilled with disastrous consequences. The authors use one mehthodology - cross-country regressions - to account for sub-Saharan Africa's growth performance over the past 30 years and to suggest policies to promote growth over the next 30 years.

They statistically quantify the relationship between long. While public fixed-asset spending at the end of was up 88 percent from five years earlier, profits from state-owned enterprises increased only 17 percent. That divergence is particularly worrying, since a plateau in productivity growth is another key factor.

Economic stagnation is a prolonged period of slow economic growth (traditionally measured in terms of the GDP growth), usually accompanied by high unemployment.

Under some definitions, "slow" means significantly slower than potential growth as estimated by macroeconomists, even though the growth rate may be nominally higher than in other countries not experiencing economic stagnation.

Four stylised facts of economic growth in DCs are set up initially. Despite its obvious simplicity the linear growth model with subsistence consumption is able to reproduce two of them: a rise in the saving rate along with per capita income as well as divergence.

The rate of convergence shows extraordinarily low values at early stages of economic development. "Economic Stagnation, Fixed Factors, and Policy Thresholds," Journal of Monetary EconomJune 8.

(with M. Kremer, L. Pritchett, and L. Summers) "Good Policy or Good Luck?. Recent global economic stagnation has stimulated debate about the role of fiscal policy in supporting growth, notably through infrastructure spending.

Japan’s experience during its “Lost Decades” provides insights on maximizing the impact of fiscal policy during downturns. First, while Japan provided early and effective fiscal stimulus, later fiscal policy was conducted in a “stop-and.

Stop-Go Monetary Policy. The Federal Reserve's attempts to fight stagflation only worsened it. Between andit raised the fed funds rate to fight inflation, then lowered it to fight the recession.

    This "stop-go" monetary policy confused businesses. They kept prices high, even when the Fed lowered rates.

Economic stagnation is a prolonged period of slow economic growth often accompanied by high rates of unemployment. When growth decelerates, you get a recipe for recession. Also called immobilism, stagnation is measured in terms of GDP growth — or more accurately, lack thereof.

In such a state, GDP, profits, and most incomes see little growth. This essay will discuss the different reasons of the ’s stagnation by analysing the international economic climate of the period before the stagnation and by examining the factors which lead and accelerated this international stagnation.

This essay will also provide an outlook of the effect that this stagnation had on populations.Examples of books that contain relatively good treatments of the basic tools that we will use along with economic applications are: C.

and A. Drazen, (), “Threshold Externalities in Economic Development,” Quarterly Journal of Economics,Easterly, W., (), “Economic Stagnation, Fixed Factors and Policy.This is the state of secular stagnation.

From the above analysis, it can be concluded that steady growth implies a balance between G and G w. In a free-enterprise economy, it is difficult to strike a balance between G and G w as the two are determined by altogether different sets of factors.